The role of a fairy tale in the education and upbringing of a child

Posted by June 24, 2022

In childhood, fathers, mothers or grandmothers and grandfathers read fairy tales and to everyone. Probably, many Russian people know by heart the plots of folk tales, which are still passed from mouth to mouth from the older generation to the younger. Why does this tradition exist for more than one century?

It is well known that children perceive the most important information only through colorful images. Therefore, fairy tales are the best way to convey the necessary primary information about the world around us.

If in the first ten years of life, parents or other relatives tell fairy tales and explain their meaning, the child develops correct ideas about the relationship between close and unfamiliar people, about good and evil, about good and bad.

Discussions of fabulous situations with dads, moms, grandparents help the baby learn life lessons and draw analogies with reality. Subsequently, the child will develop the ability to make the right choice at the right time, to see the positive and negative sides in any situation. Such a kid can easily identify the consequence and cause of the events, see the purpose of his life and show his best qualities consciously.

If fairy tale stories and were not discussed in the family circle, then the concepts from the fairy tale are in a passive state – the child knows them, will remember them if necessary, but will not be able to put them into practice in a real situation.

In any fairy tale there is a simple idea: the unity of nature and man. The child understands that the world around us is alive, he has feelings and thoughts. This is necessary to create a more meaningful and careful attitude to living and non-living objects, to realize that everyone has the right to exist.

Fairy tales also contribute to the formation in the child of the necessary qualities for later life.

In each fairy tale, good traditionally wins, which develops the desire for the best and fortitude.
Already in fairy tales, the child is taught that only work can achieve something, and what comes easily can quickly go away. The kid comes to realize that people in real life, like goodies in a fairy tale, need to go through tests and make efforts to achieve the goal.
In fairy tales, various creatures, magical objects and other unusual helpers help the protagonist. But they only appear in situations where the character cannot cope on his own. This idea forms a sense of independence and trust in the world and people.
Even our ancestors noticed that fairy tales have a positive effect on the development of the younger generation.

if parents explain to the child unfamiliar words in fairy tales, his vocabulary increases;
if you ask a kid to retell the plot of a fairy tale, he will have the ability to convey his thoughts clearly and competently. Also, the child will learn to separate the secondary from the main, draw conclusions, defend his position, which will be useful to him in the future;
if adults read fairy tales with expression and correct intonation, the child, imitating the elders, will try to speak more emotionally;
fantasy and imagination cannot be developed without reading fairy tales.
If the child is interested in the story, the kid will definitely begin to imagine the characters and think out the plot.

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3 pranayamas to restore the balance of the autonomic nervous system

Posted by June 18, 2022

It was said above that the autonomic nervous system works independently of our will. But there is one bodily function that can serve as a bridge between the autonomic nervous system and our will center. This is breath.

Breathing is usually controlled by the autonomic nervous system involuntarily, but we also have the ability to consciously control the breathing muscles. Breathing is the point of contact of the conscious and unconscious work of the body. And breathing will help us gain control over the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.

The practice of yoga, pranayama, and muscle stretching stimulate the vagus nerve, which is the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system. With regular practice, stress levels will decrease and health will improve.

Belly breathing (abdominal breathing)
– Lie on your back so that gravity does not interfere with the movement of the diaphragm. Close your eyes.
– Wait until the breath calms down and comes to a normal pace and depth.
– Focus on the area below the navel.
– Take a slow deep breath, relaxing and expanding the stomach. Feel your belly expand outwards and down at the same time. Notice the sensation as if the air you are breathing is pressing against your perineum. Don’t stress.
– While exhaling, pull the navel to the back and up. The chest is still and relaxed.

You can help yourself by placing one hand on your stomach and the other hand on your chest. When inhaling, the hand above the navel should rise up to the ceiling. When exhaling, it should go down. Control the chest with the other hand. She must remain still and relaxed.

Chandra Nadi pranayama or lunar breathing
– Sit in a sitting posture with a straight back, keep your head and neck straight as well. Padmasana, vajrasana or sukhasana are well suited for this practice. You can also just sit in a chair with a straight back and relaxed shoulders.
Close the right nostril with the thumb of the right hand. Inhale slowly and silently through the left nostril to a count of 5.
Close the left nostril with the ring finger of the right hand and at the same time open the right nostril. Exhale slowly and silently to the count of 5.
This is one breath cycle. Perform pranayama for 3 minutes, gradually increasing the duration of the session to 10 minutes every day.

Kaki Mudra Pranayama (Crow’s Beak Breathing)
– Sit in the meditative pose of Padmasana, Sukhasana or Vajrasana. Place your hands on your knees in Chin Mudra.
-Pull out your lips with a tube, focus on the tip of your nose.
– Slowly take a deep breath through your mouth (mouth tube)
-Pinch your lips and exhale slowly through your nose.

This exercise affects the sensations of the tongue and the inside of the mouth, which are innervated by the vagus nerve, favoring parasympathetic activity.

This cooling pranayama is ideal for hot weather when excessive sympathetic activity manifests itself as sweating.

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Yoga tips for back pain

Posted by May 17, 2022

Pain in the back and lower back most often occurs with a sedentary lifestyle and prolonged sitting at a computer or desktop. Strengthening the back muscles through yoga will not only make them stronger, but also lengthen them, returning them to the correct state.

In the classroom, it is recommended to adhere to the following principles:

When performing asanas, it is necessary to monitor the correctness of breathing: it should be even and deep, conducive to muscle relaxation.
Attention should be focused on the movements performed. If possible, all objects that can distract you from the process should be removed from the training room. It is also necessary to avoid extraneous thoughts and experiences that can interfere with the lesson.
To get the desired result, it is important to train regularly, at least 3-4 times a week. In this case, it will be possible to eliminate pain, and reduce the risk of its recurrence to a minimum.
If during the session there are strong pain, discomfort, fatigue and dizziness, then the training should be stopped. Training through strength will give the opposite effect from the expected one.
When training on your own, it is important to perform all movements correctly, therefore it is recommended that the first trainings be carried out in front of a mirror in order to be able to track the process from the outside.

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5 types of mathematical thinking

Posted by May 16, 2022

The category of “smarts and smarts” cannot be called homogeneous. Despite the identical level of intelligence, each of them will use different methods when solving the same problem. Someone will think abstractly, someone better to reduce to specific parameters This is because there are 5 types of mathematical thinking:

Topological – meticulous studies of details, concentration on qualitative rather than quantitative relationships. Begins to develop from 2 years of age.
Ordinal – a sequence of actions, the logical conclusion of what has been started. People with this type of thinking do not like to take risks and trust only proven facts.
Metric – emphasis on accurate calculations and Metrics prefer to weigh everything and predict the result in advance.
Algebraic – structural perception of the object. The ability to combine around the established rules. Style of work: concentration on the main thing and simplification of the secondary.
Projective – a large-scale approach to the problem, based on a deep analysis of all components. A person who has the ability to see a question in different projections is distinguished by a highly developed intellect.
The direction of mental activity in a particular situation will depend on how much one type dominates the others.

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Weaning a child from a computer

Posted by March 31, 2022

How can you help your child to get distracted from the computer and sight words for kindergarten? How important is parenting example? What can you offer in return? What do the games children play on the computer say?

Modern children spend a lot of time in front of a computer monitor. It is clear that this worries and worries parents. But what can we offer the child in return?

Adults are used to brushing off babies, sending them to read, taking a walk, doing something to keep themselves busy. However, children who are not used to reading books find this boring and tedious. After all, it is much easier to receive new information from a screen or monitor, where you do not need to use imagination, fantasy, abstract thinking. And even walks on the street, so familiar and beloved in childhood by the parents themselves, after vivid virtual adventures are no longer fascinating. And already doing homework or looking for something to do for yourself – this is out of the question.

Meanwhile, the recipe is simple – if you don’t want your child to sit at the computer and 7 8 as a decimal all day, show him an example. First, take a break from the gadgets yourself. And spend all your free time with your children. Pick some exciting books, read them together, aloud at first. After reading a few pages, stop, discuss with the baby which of the characters he liked best. Then ask your child to read aloud to you. Very soon, unless you are impatient, the little one will also get carried away with reading.

Housework is best done together with fun, rhythmic music. And on weekends, go with the whole family to the park, to the rides, to the zoo, ride bicycles and rollerblades. Adults will rediscover the joys of sport, but for children it can be new.

Perhaps your child loves going to the cinema, museums, theaters. If not, try to captivate him with it. Exchange your impressions, discuss what you saw, tell your kid some interesting facts from the life of artists or actors. Pretty soon your baby will be drawn in, he will have an interest in art.

A good option is a trip to nature with the whole family. It is possible with an overnight stay, then the children will have vivid impressions that cannot be compared with any computer game. You can also travel to historical sites, tell what they are connected with. Explain why you need to know the history of your native land, the names of heroes, exploits and achievements of your ancestors. Then the child will be more interested in school, in history lessons. In the same way, after the excursion, you can read a book on this topic, watch a documentary or a feature film.

Thus, you will not only distract children from virtual reality, but also show them that the real world is much wider, larger and more interesting.

Track which games your child chooses. This will help you understand it better. In the virtual world, children are more likely to do what they aspire to, but which they cannot achieve in reality.

If there is a lot of aggression in play, it is likely that in this way the baby wants to protect himself, get rid of fear or stress. It often seems to us that the child’s problems are trifling, but believe me, this is far from the case for him.

Lonely children often claim that they are fine anyway. There are many reasons why the baby is left alone. This is shyness, and aggressiveness, health problems, or simply the absence in the yard or on the street of peers with similar interests. Understand the reasons and help your child find friends. Write it down in a circle or section where there will be many guys with whom you can discuss something or play together.

It happens that the kid is only interested in playing at the computer, and everything else makes him bored. It’s not always easy to come up with an interesting job, you still need to learn it. Play with the children, offer them activities, and you will surely find something of your own.

Treat your little gambling addict with empathy. Agree that after every half hour of working at the computer, he will be distracted and do a few simple exercises, and every hour – gymnastics for the eyes. It is also important not to forget about lunch and walks. To control the time, you can set an alarm, set a timer. Together, plan your play and rest schedule by setting aside time to prepare your lessons. Then the child will not feel like a victim, but on the contrary, an adult, independent and responsible person.

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How to practice yin yoga

Posted by March 23, 2022

Yin yoga, like classes in other styles, requires concentration and correct technique. If you neglect the instructions, even during such a soft and passive practice, there is a risk of injury.

Important! Yin yoga is not a therapeutic method. Like hatha yoga, it is for healthy people. Do not try to restore the function of damaged tissues or joints with this practice, especially from videos on the net, even if the author presents the complex as “yin yoga exercises for the back.” If you have an injury or chronic illness, it is recommended that you consult with a doctor or yoga therapist before starting a yoga practice.

Before practicing Yin Yoga, it is advisable to pause for at least 2 hours after eating.

Ventilate the room thoroughly and prepare warm clothes. Since the practice does not involve warming up, you may need warm socks, a blanket or outerwear. Turn off your phone and put the necessary equipment nearby: bricks, a roller and / or a bolster to relieve the situation. The less distractions you have during the practice, the better.

Before starting, formulate an intention for practice. It will support you in the process and fill it with meaning.

1. Accept the body position given by the instructor, adapting it to your physical capabilities.

The posture should be relaxed and comfortable! Do not try to go as deep as possible – there is no such task, the effectiveness of the practice will not increase from this, rather, on the contrary.

Find a balance: the asana should be kept on the border of mild discomfort. You should feel some tension and resistance, but not pain from the tension created in your body.

Do not strive for the ideal geometry of the asana and for the exact adjustments that you are used to during yang practice. On the contrary, try to let go of muscle control and accumulated movement patterns.

2. Tune in to maintaining peace and stillness in the asana.

Having reached your physiological limit in a given form, you freeze in a state of rest and observe the responses of the body and the reactions of the mind, while maintaining complete stillness.

In the practice of yin yoga, three components of peace are distinguished:

Peace of the body. The body is like a majestic mountain, just as natural and motionless. In this state, the muscles do not contract and do not resist gravity, which allows you to achieve a deep impact on the connective tissue.
Peace of breath. Breathing becomes calm, quiet, soft, barely perceptible. For the purpose of concentration, you can use the hissing breath of Ujjayi, if it is familiar to you, does not cause discomfort and has a meditative effect. At the moment of exhalation, direct your attention to the zone of greatest tension in order to release it.
Peace of mind. The state of consciousness directly depends on the quality of breathing: if it is calm and measured, consciousness will follow it, and you will be able to disconnect from the fuss of thoughts and immerse yourself in observation.
Important! If you feel severe pain, do not endure and get out of the situation. Next time, don’t go so deep into it.

3. Stay in the asana for the required time. To influence the Yin tissues, the optimal time to hold the position is from 2 to 20 minutes, depending on the condition and experience of the practitioner. The holding time for different asanas is also different.

Despite the fact that the session seems passive, it is also important to complete it with shavasana.

If you do the practice in the morning or during the day, try to move into everyday activities smoothly, start with more measured activities, and not immediately take on the most labor-intensive plans. This will help to maintain the accumulated state and concentration for a longer time.

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Standing asanas for beginners

Regular yoga classes ensure a lean and healthy body, as well as excellent well-being. For people with no practice experience, special standing asanas for beginners are perfect, which are easy to perform even without prior training. Next, we will look at the main ones.

Asanas for beginners in a standing position
The ability to balance is important not only physically, but also spiritually. Therefore, asanas standing on one leg are very popular among beginners and practicing yogis. At first glance, it may seem that it is very simple even for a beginner to complete them, but in the process of practice, you understand the complexity of each of them.

Standing asanas provide a certain base that will be required for further practice. They prepare the body for complex postures, which helps to avoid injuries and discomfort in the body. The correct performance of such asanas teaches you to keep the right position of the body, evenly distributing the weight and getting the most out of the practice. In addition, such poses:

align the spine;
learn to stand correctly;
help to get rid of the deformity of the feet, align the so-called “triangle of the hips”;
develop the habit of keeping the correct posture, keeping the back straight;
provide gradual strengthening of the muscles of the legs and back.
Regular repetition of such poses increases self-confidence and develops the ability to concentrate, calming the mind.

Standing on one leg is especially effective, the second leg is raised to the side – it develops a sense of balance and the ability to keep your back straight. At the same time, the thigh and abdominal muscles are strengthened. This asana is indicated for people who have a sedentary job or spend a long time on their feet. It is useful to perform it in case of a decline in vitality, regardless of age and gender (asana can be performed by people of any age, and is also shown to children).

Intense pose standing on one leg, hands up is a practice for calming the mind, strengthening the muscles of the arms, legs and back. It is important to perform this asana correctly, without leaning forward and keeping your arms parallel. In this pose, it is recommended to follow the sensations in the back and arms, trying to focus on them. After a while, the asana can be made more difficult or the amount of time spent in it can be increased.

Contraindications for standing asanas
Those who attend yoga classes know that the practice has few contraindications. But it is important to follow a few simple rules that will help avoid unpleasant consequences:

Standing postures are not performed during the period of illness and antibiotics, as well as in the postoperative period.
For standing asanas, a contraindication may be menstruation in women, when it is better to refuse to perform twists and power asanas that load the abdominal muscles.
It is worth doing yoga exclusively on an empty stomach in order to achieve greater efficiency from the practice and avoid discomfort in the body.
During the course of deep massage and acupuncture, you should avoid performing power standing asanas.
Always monitor the sensations in the body when performing certain asanas while standing, stopping the practice if pain occurs. And it is best to study with an experienced teacher. You will always find a suitable mentor in our School, you can discuss with him the possibility of attending group classes or individual practices – as it suits you.

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How to determine if a child is ready to write

The readiness of the preschooler’s hand to perform various graphic exercises and homework debate that will help him learn to write in capital letters in the future largely depends on:

on whether the crumbs have an interest in learning to write;
from the level of maturity of fine (fine) motor skills of the hands;
from the experience of graphic movements.
Also, before proceeding with the implementation of graphic tasks, you need to evaluate:

how capable the child is of understanding and accepting the task assigned to him;
whether he knows how to arbitrarily control his actions;
whether he is well trained;
whether he has the skills of orientation in space (knows what “top-bottom”, “right-left”, etc.);
whether the movements of the hand and eyes are coordinated, whether he is capable of visual analysis, whether there are any problems with vision.

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Kapalabhati (“Cleansing breath”, it is also “Illumination of the skull”)

Do in the morning. Any comfortable sitting posture is suitable, except for Vajrasana and Virasana Lesson: 3-5 sets of 10-30 cycles, between them 15-30 seconds rest and free breathing (let your breath go free), Shambhavi for continuing. Having mastered pranayama as it turns out, try to “play with your stomach”: breathe in the lower parts of the lungs (“belly”), the upper ones (“chest”, “collarbones”), and you do not need to breathe in the full volume of the lungs. Lower breathing in Bhastrika is most beneficial. The top one is the easiest.

The beneficial effect is explained by the fact that this technique “breathes through” the lower lobes of the lungs, which almost never happens in the ordinary life of a city dweller, an office worker. Powerful, rapid breathing, involving the lower parts of the lungs, makes up for the lack of life-threatening situations that were the norm in ancient times and gives a powerful impulse to activate all body systems, this is a kind of “TO for the hormonal, respiratory and cardiovascular systems.”

Doing this pranayama regulates the hormones in terms of stress and rest hormones (adrenaline, serotonin), so you will notice that with regular practice you become less irritable and more joyful and positive.

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Ways to harmonize apana vayu

There are many ways to harmonize apana vayu, and in general you should perform the various techniques in combination. First of all, it is worth beginning with purification and and then proceeding to turn the apana upwards.

Cleansing. The first thing to do is to clear the channels and convert the stagnant energy in the pelvic area.
Among shatkarmas (purification techniques) the most effective is shankhaprakshalana, purification of the intestines. This technique helps to replace the old microflora with the new one. For this purpose, a few liters of warm, salty water are drunk in a fairly short time and at first certain body movements are performed until the urge to defecate is felt. With this technique, the intestines are completely flushed out, and even the most stagnant stagnation and impurities are removed. Before you start doing it, make sure you read the instructions on the internet or in “Hatha Yoga Pradipika” or talk to someone who has already had the necessary experience.
Ashwini mudra – contraction of the muscles of the anus. It is good to perform in dynamics. Vajroli mudra (sahajoli mudra for women), contraction of the urethra and genital muscles, is also good to perform dynamically. Performing these mudras increases blood circulation in the genital area, which in turn activates metabolic processes and normalizes their work. It is necessary to note that these exercises may cause excessive concentration on the lower centers, that is why afterwards it is better to do asanas for energy lifting, it is also possible to chant the Om mantra.
Asanas and other physical exercises on the pelvic area. Nowadays most people’s pelvis is overly constrained, which leads to a weakening of the processes in this area. Sitting at work, tight and restrictive clothing, wrong shoes – all these things lead to disorders. So first of all we should “shake up” the pelvis by normalizing blood and prana flow in this area. Asanas that are good are Stupa pose, rolling from one foot to another, Baddha konasana, swinging movements of hips, iliac-bone movements, Paschimottanasana and other asanas with a pelvis;
Dietary changes. Consuming foods with low vibration concentrations has a strong effect on strengthening apana vayu. This includes: alcohol, foods associated with killing (meat, fish, etc.), meals prepared in unwholesome places, by unwholesome people, from stale foods. Increasing the consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, pure water, etc. not only purifies the body, but also raises its vibrations.
Energy Boost.
Upside-down asanas. Among all the inverted asanas, special attention should be given to Viparita karani mudra, because when performed correctly, it relaxes the pelvis and lower abdomen, while increasing blood flow to the upper centers;
Agnisara kriya – manipulation of the abdomen while performing maha bandha (simultaneous holding uddiyana, jaladhara and mula bandha) and holding the breath on exhalation. Allows you to connect prana and apana vayu and activate samana vayu, thereby increasing the assimilation of prana. After the practice, you can also feel that after the release of energy locks there is a rush of energy to the head, i.e. as a result udana vayu is also activated.
Mula Bandha – pulling the muscles of the crotch inwards and pulling them upwards. This blocks the downward flow of energy and redirects it upward. Can be performed in practically any asana.
Pranayama. Performing different pranayamas, like nadi shodhana pranayama and anapanasati pranayama, harmonizes energy currents, helps to clear channels and bring the mind into balance;
Reading spiritual literature. An indispensable part of increasing not so much the intellectual level as the spiritual and energetic level. As we said above, strong apana pulls our consciousness down, and often we are visited by thoughts of a far from noble nature. To avoid this, it is necessary to replace the information that comes to us, which directly determines our thoughts and outlook. And the best means is through spiritual literature.

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